What is … Microphone? Technical Terms & Definitions – Explained!
In our “what is … microphone” section we want to give you the best and easiest explanations. You find all the important technical terms around microphones. As well you get the latest definitions and our tips on “how to utilize these tips for your recordings”.
All around our website “Best-Microphone-for-YouTube.video” you find little “what is this?” sentences – linking to the matching explanations for you.
What is Mircrophone Gain-Control?
The Gain-Control on a microphone gives you the possibility to adjust the microphone sensitivity directly on the device. The microphone sensitivity is the measure of the microphone’s ability for converting acoustic pressure into an electric signal. The higher you set the sensitivity, the less sound (amplification) is required to get a good, usable signal-level.
A dedicated Gain-Control Dial comes in Handy if you want to adjust the sensitivity directly before/during recording. With this said you can imagine, that you will save a lot of time and effort in the post production. No more searching for the correct levels later on in your manual sound corrections (mixer software).
Our Tip: Record a short sequence and check it on your PC. Correct the gain if necessary – then start your recording. You even can write down the setting for different situations and environments like recording at your desk, doing an interview or recording outside.
Take a look at our No.1 Recommendation Microphone with dedicated Gain-Control.
What is a Microphone Pickup Pattern?
(see Microphone Pickup Patterns – detailed explaination)
Bi-directional: (see Microphone Pickup Patterns – detailed explaination)
Omnidirecitonal: (see Microphone Pickup Patterns – detailed explaination)
What is Microphone Pro-Audio (Professional Audio Quality)?
We want to refer to an article that we have read not long ago. Therefore we define Pro Audio – Quality as the ability of a microphone to record in good clear sound quality. With this in mind it should be able to record at least with 48 kHz/16-bit or 92 kHz/24-bit (studio – quality).
When you listen to 2 examples it is obvious, that it is not always noticeable for the human ear if there is a difference. So if you want professional audio quality and you click and refer to one of these in our Microphone Finder, both will be totally fine! Of course if you do high-end studio recording you should record your work as good as possible. This will make it easier to process the sound with a variety of hard- and/or software afterwards.
What is a Microphone Mount or stand?
You can take a look at our explanations why you should use a microhphone stand or mount. You find all the details in our article about how to mount a microphone correctly.
What is Microphone Shock Mount?
Some microphone models, particularly usb microphones can be fixed with a shock mount. Especially when you do vocal recordings every bit of clicking sound is disturbing. A good shock mount also lessens low-vibrations (shocks) from the floor. This gives you a much cleaner recording of your sound design.
Blue Yeti Shock Mount
Shock Mount with Blue Yeti Microphone
To achieve this most shock mounts use high elasticity ropes. These ropes protect the microphone all-around. You can check out the Blue Yeti Shock Mount here.
What is Microphone Pop Filter?
Okay guys – lets be honest. A good Pop-Filter is a must have!
A pop filter, often called a pop shield or wind shiel, can be attached to the boom arm. It often comes in use, when recording vocals. It’s set between your microphone and the vocalist and shields the mic from “popping” sounds. These sounds occur, when the human voice creates letters like “p” and ‘b’. It also can prevent the dreaded hissing and lisping sounds that come when pronouncing the letter “S”. Therefore the pop filter makes your recording much smoother.
In case you will record vocals for any of your ventures, you truly should buy one of these. Like the one in the picture. It is our recommended universal Pop Filter, that fits on a lot of microphone stands. You can buy the Dragonpad USA Pop filter on Amazon. It is a cheap but good working wind screen solution.
What is Microphone Types? Condenser vs. Dynamic Microphone
Condenser Microphone (See Condenser Microphone vs. Dynamic Microphone)
Dynamic Microphone (See Condenser Microphone vs. Dynamic Microphone)
What is Microphone XLR Connector?
The XLR Connector is an electrical connector. At most, you find XLR Connections on professional audio and video devices. The connectors are set up in a circular design. They have between 3 and 7 pins depending on the purpose of the connection.
The XLR cable connectors in the picture are so called XLR3. The female part on left (taking in the pins) and male on right (with the 3 pins.) You can read more about the connections at wikipedia.
You can find the best XLR cables and connectors here on Amazon if you like.
What is a DSLR (camera)?
An DSLR is a digital single-lens reflex camera. It is also called a digital SLR or DSLR. This means, it is a digital camera combining the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera, with a digital imaging sensor. What you see is what you get could be the purpose of this type of camera. With their mostly huge sensors they produce much better image quality than standard Digital Cameras.
Another great PRO Feature is the possibility to change the lens for your camera. With this option you always find the perfect match for every purpose. You can check our recommended upper-entry level DSLR by clicking the image.
What is Microphone Phantom Power?
Let’s talk about phantom power. Mainly it is a 48 volts DC which is applied to pins 2 and 3 of the microphone’s 3 pin XLR connector. In fact it is called phantom power because it is kind of not noticeable power within the circuit. This is a simplified kind of explanation but I think very understandable.
The phantom power is needed to polarize the condenser and to turn on the microphone’s internal electronics. Microphones without a build in amplifier often need this phantom-power to generate a recordable signal. You can read everything about the details in our article: How do condenser and dynamic microphones work! If you like.